Pastor/Shepherd - "Poimen"
Peter ties elder (presbuteros) together with Shepherd when he refers to Jesus as
the chief shepherd (archi-poimen) He calls himself an elder. Note that Jesus
clearly delineated his calling as "Feed my sheep" in John 21:16-17
1 Peter 5:1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder,
and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory
that shall be revealed: 2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking
the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre,
but of a ready mind; 3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being
examples to the flock. 4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall
receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
It is a word naturally of frequent occurence in Scripture. Sometimes the word "pastor"
is used instead Jer 2:8 3:15 10:21 12:10 17:16 This word is used figuratively to
represent the relation of rulers to their subjects and of God to his people Ps
23:1 80:1 Isa 40:11 44:28 Jer 25:34,35 Na 3:18 Joh 10:11,14 Heb 13:20 1Pe 2:25
5:4 The duties of a shepherd in an unenclosed country like Palestine were very
onerous. "In early morning he led forth the flock from the fold, marching at its
head to the spot where they were to be pastured. Here he watched them all day,
taking care that none of the sheep strayed, and if any for a time eluded his
watch and wandered away from the rest, seeking diligently till he found and
brought it back. In those lands sheep require to be supplied regularly with
water, and the shepherd for this purpose has to guide them either to some
running stream or to wells dug in the wilderness and furnished with troughs. At
night he brought the flock home to the fold, counting them as they passed under
the rod at the door to assure himself that none were missing. Nor did his
labours always end with sunset. Often he had to guard the fold through the dark
hours from the attack of wild beasts, or the wily attempts of the prowling thief
(see) 1Sa 17:34.
<4166> poimen (poy-mane')
AV-shepherd 15, Shepherd 2, pastor 1; 18
1) a herdsman, esp. a shepherd
1a) he to whose care and control others have committed themselves,
and whose precepts they follow
2a) the presiding officer, manager, director, of any assembly:
so of Christ the Head of the church
2a1) of the overseers of the Christian assemblies
2a2) of kings and princes
The tasks of a Near Eastern shepherd were:
- to watch for enemies trying to attack the sheep -to defend the sheep
from attackers -to heal the wounded and sick sheep -to find and save
lost or trapped sheep -to love them, sharing their lives and so earning
<750> archipoimen (ar-khee-poy'-mane)
from 746 and 4166; TDNT-6:485,901; n m
AV-chief shepherd 1; 1
1) chief shepherd
1a) of Christ the head of the church
- Matthew 26:31 Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd , and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad.
- Mark 6:34 And Jesus, when he came out, saw much people, and was moved with compassion toward them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd : and he began to teach them many things.
- Mark 14:27 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd , and the sheep shall be scattered.
- John 10:2 But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
- John 10:11 I am the good shepherd : the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.
- John 10:12 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd , whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep.
- John 10:14 I am the good shepherd , and know my sheep, and am known of mine.
- John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd .
- Ephesians 4:11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;
- Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,
- 1 Peter 2:25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.